What is Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency and How does Bitcoin work

by anne jane in Blockchain on 4th December 2018

Bitcoin, that is often known as a cryptocurrency, is a virtual currency or a digital currency which is a kind of virtual money. It is like a digital or online version of money or cash. It is used to buy the services or products but many shops do not accept Bitcoins. Even some of the countries have banned it altogether. The physical Bitcoins are generally a novelty form of cryptocurrency. They would be useless without ant private codes that are printed inside them.

What are Cryptocurrency

Cryptocurrencies are blocks of computer codes that exist as a monetary value. Electricity and high-performance computers create those lines of code. Cryptocurrencies are also called as digital currency or virtual currency. It is a kind of virtual money which is created by mathematical problems and managed by millions of computer programmers known as miners. Users cannot hold cryptocurrency physically but can be exchanged for cash.

How Bitcoins Work?

Bitcoins are entirely virtual coins designated to be independent of value and there is a need of bans to store and move the amount of money. Once the bitcoins are owned, they act like a real-gold-coins. These coins are held and traded like chunks of gold which are there in the wallets. Bitcoins are usually bought and sold from one wallet to the other. A wallet is a petite personal database which stores the data on the computer drive, tablet or smartphone or anywhere in the software called the cloud. Every individual transaction is listed in a public list which is known as blockchain. This list makes possible to track the history of Bitcoins and stop people spending the excess coins. This is done by making the copies and undoing the transactions.

Thus these coins are free from forgery. It is computationally fast to make the bitcoins which are financially worthless from hackers to manage the system.

Bitcoins regulations and values

An individual bitcoin differs in value on a daily basis. There are different values of bitcoins which are in existence. Bitcoins will stop producing after it has reached a certain level say, for example, $21 billion coins. This can be estimated to be sometime around the year 2040. Bitcoins are wholly decentralized and unregulated. The currency itself is individualized and uncollateralized. Also, there are no precious metals to back the bitcoins. The usefulness of the single bitcoin rests in the bitcoin itself.
Moreover, miners control this bitcoins. Miners are the group of members who share their networks with the bitcoin networks. Miners are the persons who act like auditors, ledger keepers for the transactions. Miners can earn a money for the accounting job via bitcoins for every week they share to the system.

Security of Bitcoins

As every transaction of Bitcoins is public, it is complicated to copy the bitcoins. it is challenging to make fake bitcoins or spend on them which users don’t know. The market of the Bitcoins have been fluctuating and the value has been growing up and down since years. Users should take necessary precautions, and they are the one who is safe from hackers.

More than hacking, the real loss occurs when the fail-safe copy of the wallet does not back the bitcoins. There is an updated .dat file to receive and send bitcoins. This file should be copied and saved as a duplicate storage file every time there is a transaction.


On the whole, Bitcoins are the digital currency which has been all over the news for centuries and years. Thus bitcoins along with cryptocurrencies are interesting developments which mark for the desire of the participants in the age of information. This minimizes the dependency on the legal and economic systems. It has undoubtedly proved to be a vast fortune in their brief existence. Thus based on the safety and working model, the long-term viability has yet to be determined.

Categories: Blockchain